Academic degree awarded on the basis of an examination administered by a higher education institution (unlike the state examination). The title awarded combines the name of the degree with the subject in which it has been obtained, e.g. Diplom-Ingenieur (graduate engineer), Diplom-Psychologe (graduate psychologist), Diplom-Kaufmann (graduate in commerce). This degree is awarded by universities and equivalent higher education institutions, as well as by Fachhochschulen (with the word Fachhochschule or FH added to the degree title) and by colleges of art and music.
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